Religious

The Monastery Esphigmenou

⇠ Karyes 25km (5 hours)

The Monastery Esphigmenou is built in a bay of the northeastern side of Athos peninsula, right on the shore. In this monastery disembarked the leader of the Macedonian Revolution of 1821, Emanuel Papas. The reunion of the principals of all the monasteries was held here. In particular, the leader of the reunion, Eythymios, was a member of the “Society of Friends” (a well known Greek association during the War of Greek Independence).

T +30 23770 23282

The Monastery Esphigmenou - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Esphigmenou - Holy Mountain
Megisti Lavra

⇠ Karyes 35km (7 hours)

Megisti Lavra is the most ancient, first in order and biggest monastery of all. It was founded in 963 by the monk Athanasios Athonitis with the financial support of the emperors Nikiphoros Phokas and Ioannis Tsimiskis. The monastery is dedicated to its founder, Agios Athanasios Athonitis and celebrates on the 5th/18th of July (according to the old style calendar of Mount Athos).
Megisti Lavra is a big complex of buildings, built on a picturesque cliff on the southeastern edge of Athos. The mountain seems to protect and guard the monastery from the west, whereas to the east it looks to the endless Aegean Sea. Among the group of buildings of the monastery one can easily spot out the superb Tower of Tsimiskis.

T +30 23770 23241, 23786

Megisti Lavra - Holy Mountain - Greece
Megisti Lavra - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Xenophontos

⇠ Karyes 15km (3 hours)

The Monastery Xenophontos is built in the middle of the western side of Athos peninsula by the coast. Agios Xenophon founded it in the 10th century.
The monastery is dedicated to Agios Georgios and celebrates on the 23rd of April / 6th of May. Like all the other monasteries it suffered a lot of raids by pirates, as well as fires, so it lost a lot of valuable treasures.
The present “catholicon” was built early in the 19th century (1809-1819). It is extremely big with a marvelous marble iconostasis. However, the first “catholicon” from the 10th century, with wall paintings from the 16th and 17th centuries is still preserved. Most of the wall paintings were made by the Cretan painter Antonios.
In the monastery there are a lot of chapels, the oldest of which is the chapel dedicated to Agios Dimitrios, (Saint Demeter) with a wooden impressive iconostasis from the 17th century. The wall paintings of the Refectory were made in the 16th century.
The bell-tower was built in 1814, and the “phiale” in 1908. Finally, the library includes 300 handwritten and 4.000 printed books. Two mosaic icons of Agios Georgios and Agios Dimitrios, pieces of Holy Wood, relics of Saints, the icon of Transfiguration of Jesus Christ, gold-embroidered vestments and holy vessels constitute the valuable heirlooms of the monastery.

T +30 23770 23249, 23630

The Monastery Xenophontos - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Xenophontos - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Xiropotamou

⇠ Karyes 10km (2 hours)

The Monastery Xiropotamou is built in a small plain, in the middle of the southwestern side of Athos, in a beautiful area close to Daphni.
Founders of the monastery are the Empress Poulheria (450-457) and the Emperors Romanos Lekapinos and Konstantinos Porphyrogennitos VI. The monastery Xiropotamou is the second oldest after Megisti Lavra; it was founded in the 10th century, it is dedicated to the Agii Tessarakonta Martyres (Fourty Martyrs) and celebrates on the 9th /22nd of March.
The first abbot, Pavlos, was probably the son of the Emperor Mikhail I.
T +30 23770 23251

The Monastery Xiropotamou - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Xiropotamou - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Koutloumousiou

⇠ Karyes 1km (10 minutes)

Close to Karyes in the northeastern wooded area of Athos, is located the Monastery Koutloumousiou, which was founded in the 10th century. Since 1393 it is the patriarchal monastery. It is dedicated to the Transfiguration of Jesus Christ and celebrates on the 6th / 19th of August.
In 1821 the leader of the Revolution in Macedonia, Emmanuel Papas, was declared in this monastery governor and supporter of Macedonia.

T +30 23770 23226

The Monastery Koutloumousiou - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Koutloumousiou - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Zographou

⇠ Karyes 18km (3 and 30’ hours)

The Monastery Zographou is the northern part of the ten monasteries of the western side of Athos peninsula. It is a wooded area, nearly one hour walk from the sea.
The monastery was founded in the 10th century, in the reign of Leontas Sophos VII. According to tradition, three siblings from Ahrida, in their attempt to dedicate the church to someone, they left a board in the “catholicon” and returned to their cells to pray. When they came back, a miracle had happened. The face of Agios Georgios stood on the board. So, the monastery was dedicated to Agios Georgios, the “Zographos” (Painter) and celebrates on the 23rd of April / 6th of May. Although the “catholicon” of the church was built in 1801, its wall paintings were done in 1817. The wooden iconostasis is exceptional.
T +30 23770 23247

The Monastery Zographou - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Zographou - Holy Mountain
Ναός Παλαιάς Μητρόπολης Έδεσσας

Στη συνοικία Βαρόσι της Έδεσσας σώζεται ο παλαιός μητροπολιτικός ναός της πόλης, αφιερωμένος αρχικά στη Σοφία του Θεού. Στις μέρες μας διατηρείται στον αρχιτεκτονικό τύπο της τρίκλιτης ξυλόστεγης βασιλικής με υπερυψωμένο το μεσαίο κλίτος και νάρθηκα στα δυτικά. Αλλεπάλληλες, όμως, φάσεις επισκευών έχουν αλλοιώσει την αρχική μορφή του μνημείου, που με βάση τον τοιχογραφικό του διάκοσμο χρονολογείται το αργότερο στα τέλη του 14ου αιώνα.

Στο εσωτερικό του ναού οι σωζόμενες τοιχογραφίες ανήκουν σε δύο περιόδους. Οι παλαιότερες, που χρονολογούνται στο διάστημα 1375-1385 ή 1389, εκτείνονται και στα τρία κλίτη και σώζονται αποσπασματικά. Τμήμα τους διατηρείται και στο χώρο του ιερού βήματος, σε πολλά σημεία, μάλιστα, έχουν επικαλυφθεί εξ ολοκλήρου από τις τοιχογραφίες του νεότερου στρώματος. Το κύριο τμήμα του εικονογραφικού προγράμματος της περιόδου αυτής αναπτύσσεται στο κεντρικό κλίτος του ναού, σε τρεις ζώνες. Η ανώτερη περιλαμβάνει παραστάσεις του βασικού χριστολογικού κύκλου, διατηρημένες μόνο στη νότια κιονοστοιχία, και η μεσαία σκηνές από τα Πάθη και τον κύκλο της Ανάστασης. Στη ζώνη αυτή, στο δυτικό τοίχο ενσωματώνονται και τρεις παραστάσεις από το Θεομητορικό κύκλο, η Κοίμηση, που δεν σώζεται σήμερα, πλαισιωμένη από τη Γέννηση και τα Εισόδια της Θεοτόκου. Η κατώτερη ζώνη, που διακόπτεται από τα τοξωτά ανοίγματα, φιλοξενεί ολόσωμους αγίους, ενώ στα εσωρράχια των τοξοστοιχιών εικονίζονται ανά δύο ολόσωμοι προφήτες. Στο νότιο και βόρειο κλίτος οι σωζόμενες τοιχογραφίες περιορίζονται μόνο στο βόρειο και στο νότιο τοίχο, αντίστοιχα. Ενδιαφέρον παρουσιάζει και η εικονογραφία των τεσσάρων πεσσοτοίχων του ναού. Ο Χριστός και η Θεοτόκος, ο Πέτρος και ο Παύλος κοσμούν τις επιφάνειες των δύο πεσσοτοίχων του ιερού, ενώ ολόσωμοι άγιοι κοσμούν τις αντίστοιχες επιφάνειες και των δυτικών πεσσοτοίχων. Αποκαλυπτική για την αρχική ονομασία του ναού είναι η κτητορική παράσταση στη νότια όψη του νοτιοδυτικού πεσσού. Εικονίζεται ο ανώνυμος χορηγός, συνοδευόμενος από τα παιδιά του, να προσφέρει ομοίωμα του ναού στο Χριστό, που φέρει την προσωνυμία ''Σοφία Θεού''. Η όλη οργάνωση του εικονογραφικού προγράμματος της περιόδου αυτής ακολουθεί τη διάταξη και την ανάπτυξη εικονογραφικών κύκλων ναών του τέλους του 13ου και των αρχών του 14ου αιώνα, που ανήκουν στο καλλιτεχνικό περιβάλλον της Θεσσαλονίκης και της Κωνσταντινούπολης. Με εργαστήρια των πόλεων αυτών, αλλά του δευτέρου μισού του 14ου αιώνα, συνδέονται οι τοιχογραφίες και από την άποψη της τεχνοτροπίας. Παράλληλα αποτελούν και σημαντικό terminus ante quem για τη χρoνολόγηση του μνημείου. Στο 17ο αιώνα χρονολογούνται οι παραστάσεις του δεύτερου στρώματος διακόσμησης, στο χώρο του ιερού βήματος, στη βόρεια κιονοστοιχία και ψηλά στο φωταγωγό. Την περίοδο αυτή της τουρκοκρατίας και πιθανόν στο διάστημα 1598-1688, ο ναός μετονομάσθηκε και αφιερώθηκε στην Κοίμηση της Θεοτόκου.

Στο μνημείο έχουν πραγματοποιηθεί εργασίες αποκατάστασης του νάρθηκα και της νότιας στοάς. Παράλληλα εκτελέσθηκαν ανασκαφές στο εσωτερικό του ναού, προκειμένου να αποσαφηνισθούν οι οικοδομικές φάσεις του κτίσματος. Τέλος στο πλαίσιο της συντήρησης του τοιχογραφικού διακόσμου πραγματοποιήθηκαν εργασίες απομάκρυνσης των επιχρισμάτων και προληπτικής συντήρησης του νεότερου στρώματος τοιχογραφιών, στη βόρεια και νότια πλευρά του κεντρικού κλίτους, στα ανώτερα σημεία του ναού.

 

http://odysseus.culture.gr

Ναός Παλαιάς Μητρόπολης Έδεσσας - Ελλάδα
Ναός Παλαιάς Μητρόπολης Έδεσσας
The Monastery Stavronikita

⇠ Karyes 5km (1 hour)

The Monastery Stavronikita is a high, imposing building with a high tower, as its guard, situated in the middle of the eastern side of Athos peninsula, with a nice view over the Aegean Sea.
According to the tradition of Mount Athos, founder of the monastery is the officer of the Emperor Ioannis Tsimiskis, Nikiphoros Stavronikitas (10th century), who gave the monastery his name.
There are also other interpretations for the foundation and the name of this monastery, which is dedicated to Agios Nikolaos and celebrates on the 6th / 19th of December. According to the ancient tradition, fishermen found the mosaic icon of Agios Nikolaos: an oyster was stuck in the forehead of the face of Agios Nikolaos; when the fishermen took it out, the icon bled!

T +30 23770 23255

The Monastery Stavronikita - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Stavronikita - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Helandariou

⇠ Karyes 30km (6 hours)

The Monastery Helandriou is located in the northern part of Mount Athos. It is like a fortress far away from the sea, surrounded by tall trees. Initially, in 1198, the emperor Alexios III, offered it to a Serbian governor called Stephanos Nemania and his son, Ratsko, who proved to be powerful men carrying out important responsibilities with great success.
Between the monastery and the “arsanas” (harbour) there is a high, impressive, isolated tower.
The monastery is dedicated to the day of the Presentation of the Virgin Mary and celebrates on November 21 / December 4.

T +30 23770 23281

The Monastery Helandariou - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Helandariou - Holy Mountain
The Monastery of Agios Pavlos

⇠ Karyes 25km (5 hours)

The Monastery of Agios Pavlos is the most southern church of the ten monasteries of the western side of Athos peninsula, built in a short distance from the sea. However, it is the only monastery that is close to the mountain Athos, with several strong castles and towers protecting it.
Monk Pavlos Xiropotaminos probably built the monastery in the 10th century on the location of an older church.
T +30 23770 23355, 23250

The Monastery of Agios Pavlos - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery of Agios Pavlos - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Dohiariou

⇠ Karyes 15km (3 hours)

The Monastery Dohiariou is located in the most northern offshore area of the western side of the Athos peninsula. It was initially founded close the port of Daphni at the end of the 10th - early 11th century, by a “dohiaris” (a person who makes “dohia”, meaning pots and fonts), student of Athanasios Athonitis. This is why the monastery was later called Dohiarios. Later on, it was destroyed by pirates. The monks who survived, built the present monastery. The high tower was built in the early 17th century.
The monastery is dedicated to the Archangels Mikhail and Gabriel and celebrates on the 8th / 21st of November.

T +30 23770 23245

The Monastery Dohiariou - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Dohiariou - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Simonos Petra

⇠ Karyes 18km (3 and 30’ hours)

The legendary Monastery Simonos Petra or Simonopetra is an extremely imposing seven-floored building, situated on a bluff cliff of the southwestern side of Athos.
The monastery itself is an architectural miracle, the most peculiar and special building in Mount Athos, with a view over Athos from the southeast and the superb colours of the sun and the sea from the west. The monastery was founded in the 13th century by Simonas Myrovlytis, who, according to tradition, was driven to this rocky area by a light he saw on a night at Christmas time! There, he managed to built this monastery, which is considered an architectural miracle. He named it New Bethlehem, but in the end the monastery was named after the stone he used to build it: Simonos.
The monastery is dedicated to the Birth of Jesus Christ and celebrates on the 25th of December / 7th of January.
T +30 23770 23254, 23700

The Monastery Simonos Petra - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Simonos Petra - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Pantokrator

⇠ Karyes 7,5km (1 and 30’ hours)

The Monastery Pantokrator is situated in a rocky cliff by the sea, in the middle of the eastern coasts of Athos peninsula. The monastery was founded in the 14th century by the Byzantines Alexios and Ioannis with the support of Emperor Ioannis Paleologos V.
The monastery is dedicated to the Transfiguration of Jesus Christ and celebrates on the 6th/19th of August.
T +30 23770 23253

The Monastery Pantokrator - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Pantokrator - Holy Mountain
The Monastery Dionysiou

⇠ Karyes 20km (4 hours)

The Monastery Dionysiou (14th century) stands on a bluff cliff in a deep wooded ravine at the western coast of Athos. The monastery was founded by Agios Dionysios, it is dedicated to the Holy Prodromos and celebrates on June 24 and July 7.
The Refectory of the monastery is also impressive and has a nice wooden door and interesting wall paintings.

T +30 23770 23237, 23689

The Monastery Dionysiou - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery Dionysiou - Holy Mountain
The Monastery of Agios Panteleimon

⇠ Karyes 15km (3 hours)

The Monastery of Agios Panteleimon, also known as a Russian monastery, is built next to the sea, in the middle of the western coast of Mount Athos.
The monastery was founded in the 11th century in a more eastern area. The present building complex was built later on (1765), when the old monastery of Agios Panteleimon was transferred from Paleomonastiro in the present position. It is dedicated to Agios Panteleimon and celebrates on the 27th of July / 9th of August.
The new monastery has really impressive buildings with a lot of floors, high vaults, big bells, etc.

T +30 23770 23252

The Monastery of Agios Panteleimon - Holy Mountain - Greece
The Monastery of Agios Panteleimon - Holy Mountain

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